Effects of deforestation – Saving Animal Life

Effects of deforestation – Saving Animal Life

Large scale deforestation can take place in a day, a month or even a year. A huge forest fire can destroy in a day forest land built over centuries. Illegal logging has seen depletion of green cover in main forests around the world. Some of the major environmental issues today are based on this one factor – deforestation – with global warming and increasing pollution levels being the prime effects. In all these situations, the natural victims are animals that have nowhere to go and perish altogether. Deforestation has been proved to be the cause of many species getting extinct around the globe.

Why is it so necessary to save forest land? It is not only animals but man’s existence too that is at stake. Consider this scenario and you will get a fair idea about greenhouse emissions. Forests store a major part of carbon dioxide and when trees are burnt in forest fires or intentional man made attempts to clear forest land, the carbon stored in them are released into the atmosphere. It results in massive climate changes and has adversely affect wildlife population as the habitat that they depend on dwindles down.

With the thin dividing line between human and animal habitats getting blurred due to lowering forest land area, wild animals tend to stray into human territory, killing domesticated animals and upsetting the fragile ecosystem and environment. People have to take necessary protection as it is not as easy to build up forest land as it is to destroy it. Small animals like possums that live off trees tend to wander into gardens even in metropolitan areas such as Melbourne and destroy fruit bearing trees. It is very difficult to tackle this menace unless drastic measures are initiated by homeowners. One way to do so if you are a resident of the State of Victoria is to opt for external CCTV cameras and alarm installation in Melbourne. This includes trip wires that goes off when touched or stepped on in the garden.

There are many alternatives and a top supplier of security systems can guide you in this regard. For more information on how to protect your home from animals straying beyond their natural habitats due to deforestation, visit onetecsecurity.com.au and give them a call.

Now that the effects of deforestation on the animal world have been gone through in some detail, the next point is how to protect animals from its devastating effects. Agencies like WWF are implementing strategies towards this end but these are gradual and will take years before the full impact can be realised. Some of the possible implementable measures are –

Creating protected areas – Securing forest systems through parks and reserved protected areas is undoubtedly the best option. Supervision of these areas is usually in the hands of Government agencies that rigorously implement measures that allow animals to stay in their natural habitats. Many of these parks and reserved areas are today well known tourist destinations where people from all over the world mingle closely with nature at its best. WWF alone has contributed to setting up these parks for protection of animals in more than 100 countries around the world.

Stopping illegal logging – Illegal logging has been one of the primary causes for loss of forest cover. This includes processing, transporting and buying and selling of timbre that has been harvested in contravention of the laws of the land. Most countries have strict legislation in this regard and many others have banned trade in timbre. This, if implemented strictly will surely go a long way to save animals and retain them in areas that truly belongs to them only. WWF has worked closely with Governments the world over and has impressed upon them the need to buy and sell timbre that has been felled legally and is certified by them.

All these go to show that the world is now serious about the harmful effects of deforestation and the need to protect animal life.

How to Take Care of a Red Belly Turtle

How to Take Care of a Red Belly Turtle

The attractive red belly turtle is a popular breed for those who want to bring the turtle into their family. Red belly turtles have three distinctive species and all are characterised by broad, red stripes on the carapace with variable black and red patterning on the plastron. The head has streaks of yellow, one of which is centred between the eyes, ending near the nose to form an arrow. These turtles make nice pets.

The red belly turtles are bit shy, but get over it pretty quickly and become comfortable in their enclosure and around people that they are familiar with. These turtles get quite large, so you need to be certain that you have enough space for this breed to survive, whether you choose to set up your pet enclosure inside your home or outside in the garden. The red-bellied turtles require special care. While habitat and nutrition are important factors to consider but when it comes to caring for your turtles, keep in mind that they also require preventive health care. Handling the turtle is also a matter of concern since they are still capable of spreading diseases.

To set up the enclosure for your turtle inside the house, an aquarium of 10 to 20 gallons will do, gravel, large rock, UVA and UVB aquarium lamp, thermostat, water neutralising drops and commercial turtle food are required. Rinse aquarium and place a thin layer of gravel at the bottom with an increasing amount leaning towards one of the corners. This needs to be done to imitate a pool, then place the large rock securely over the gravel mound, this will serve as a basking rock. Pour lukewarm water in the aquarium, then add in the neutralising drops to eliminate any chemicals. Attach the thermostat on outside of the aquarium. The water should be at a temperature between 70-75 Fahrenheit. Now attach the lamp on the top edge of the tank above basking rock. Allow the aquarium to sit for few days to get regulated before placing the turtle in its new environment.

Turtles are herbivore in the wild, so they enjoy feeding on a variety of non-toxic aquatic plants. To keep the pets healthy and happy, feed them commercial pelleted food, as well as fresh fruits, vegetables and aquatic plants. Take care of their hygiene by brushing the back gently with an old soft toothbrush to keep the shell clean.

If you are deciding to build an enclosure for your turtle outside in the garden, you need to keep it safe from predators and itself (so that it does not escape and get run over by a car). If you are not sure how to go about it, then you can hire personnel who are expert in this job, just contact labour hire in Melbourne and they will send in the experts to build an enclosure for your pet. Labour hire firms have a database of people looking for a job so it is easier for them to find one according to your needs.

Red-Bellied Turtles – An Important Part of the Marine Ecosystem

World Turtle Day is celebrated across the globe on May 23. This initiative was taken with the end objective to establish the importance of turtles in the context of our ecosystem and to raise awareness regarding one of the oldest living animals on the planet. It’s a day to motivate individuals across the globe to help these animals survive and flourish. With help from volunteers, animal enthusiasts and associations that work for the preservation of endangered species, the present and future of all types of turtle including the red-bellied turtle can be safeguarded.

These delicate creatures have been around for 200 million years, yet they are quickly vanishing due to degradation of our environment, excessive tree removal, the exotic food business, natural surroundings decimation and the merciless pet exchange.

While turtles are probably the most astonishing creatures in the world, a considerable lot of their species are enlisted on the endangered animals list and the red-bellied turtle tops this list.

The home of Red-bellied turtles that is in Pennsylvania incorporates generally extensive water bodies, for example, direct angle waterways, reservoirs, lakes, and bogs. However, transient turtles prefer quicker moving streams, shallow lakes impoundments or trench. Red-bellied turtles have also been spotted in deserted sandpit lakes and tidal ponds or conduits in the industrialised area of Philadelphia. Red-bellied Turtles invest a lot of energy aerial lounging; along these lines, the requirement for copious basking spots is a vital territory trademark for the species. Other habitat prerequisites incorporate amphibian vegetation for sustaining, sandy or loamy soils for nesting and delicate substrates at an adequate profundity for hibernation.

Turtles assume an important role in maintaining the balance of our eco-system and the preservation of various aquatic species. Shorelines and ridge systems don’t get a lot of supplements amid the year, resulting in a lack of vegetation on the dunes and shoreline as sand does not hold supplements exceptionally well. Turtles utilise shorelines and the lower rises to lay their eggs. All the unhatched eggs are great wellsprings of supplements for the dune vegetation. Indeed, even the leftover egg shells from incubated eggs provide nutrition.

Research has demonstrated that turtles frequently play the role of as keystone species. River grass beds grazed by turtles are more fertile than those that aren’t. A certain turtle species, Hawksbill turtles, feed on sponges, keeping them from out-stripping corals that grow at a moderate rate. Such grazing exercises promote species diversity and help to maintain the natural balance of tenuous marine ecosystems. If turtles go extinct, it can adversely affect all those species whose existence is contingent on nutritious river-grass beds and coral reefs. That implies that several marine species that we depend on could be influenced.

Equipped with in-depth information and passion for these beautiful creatures, we can unite to safeguard red-bellied turtles. World Turtle Day is only one day, however, the things we can do to help save turtles from vanishing should be integrated in our daily lives.

How to Save Red Belly Turtles

How to Save Red Belly Turtles

The Plymouth red-bellied turtle, also known as red belly cooter is a very colourful turtle inhabiting large freshwater lakes, rivers, ponds, creeks and adjacent marshes. These beautiful turtles are listed in endangered species by wildlife authorities and, is the sole responsibility of us all to save this species from becoming extinct. This turtle was largely overlooked by developers, policy makers and environmentalists until the late 1980’s when it was discovered that only about 200 of these remained in the wild. However, in an attempt to save these endangered species, in 1983, Massasoit National Wildlife Refuge was established only to safeguard the red-bellied turtles.

A few components have been highlighted as reasons why this species, is going extinct. One of the biggest reasons for the decrease in population is mainly due to habitat loss. Rapid urbanisation such as converting the forests, farmlands and wetlands into buildings, lawns and parking lots is one of the main reasons. This causes major issues for the turtles who rely upon these zones for nourishment, protection and a safe place to lay their eggs. Also, turtles have a homecoming instinct which urges them to come back to their home year after year. This has proved to be very adverse for the survival of the turtles because they will return home to a place that has been developed. This leads to many turtles death and thus it becomes our responsibility to save them.

If you have bought a  property which is adjacent to a pond, lake, river, swamp or any other fresh water body, chances are that you may have turtles as visitors in late spring. Before, implementing any activity on your property assess the property for the presence of endangered species. Under the federal endangered species act, the landowners are required to minimise negative effects on the endangered species. You should consult Melbourne property lawyers to help you out in this as it is a legal matter and they will take care of it for you with ease.

Biologists will work with you to find a mutually satisfying way to allow work on the property to proceed without posing any risk to the red belly turtles nesting area. Another reason the red belly turtle is endangered is extensive use of the pesticide. Aquatic herbicide, a pesticide used in ponds to decrease pond vegetation affects the food source also disrupts their habitat. The presence of this species presents landowners with a great opportunity to help conserve biodiversity and save them from being extinct.

Our Last Chance – Saving Endangered Red Bellied Turtle

Our Last Chance – Saving Endangered Red Bellied Turtle

Red bellied turtles have various sub sects but there is one common thread running through all of them. That is they are on the endangered list of wild life authorities and it is now the collective responsibility of all to ensure that they do not become extinct.

But first a word on these animals will be in order.

Plymouth Red Bellied Turtle – This is the first fresh water turtle to be put on the endangered list by the USA authorities, the United States Fish and Wildlife Service. This species was primarily observed in Plymouth County of Massachusetts. However, in an effort to conserve it the State initiated efforts to rear them in other friendly environments. In 1983, Massasoit National Wildlife Refuge was founded exclusively to preserve the red bellied turtles.

Northern Red Bellied Turtle – It is a comparatively large turtle measuring about 11 – 12 inches on the average. They are generally found today in a red bellied turtle colony in Massachusetts as well as parts of New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Virginia, North Carolina and Maryland. The Pennsylvania Fish Commission has put them on the endangered list in 1978 and it is also on the list of US Fish and Wildlife Service and Massachusetts Division of Fisheries and Wildlife.

There are a number of reasons why the population of these turtles have dropped drastically. The primary reason for this is polluted fresh water bodies. Large scale deforestation and global warming dries up wetlands that are breeding grounds for these turtles. Measures must be adopted towards protecting green cover, and tree removal in Melbourne or in the USA or for that matter anywhere in the world must be taken up very selectively.

Further, collection of these cute creatures as pets is quite common. Red bellied turtles are also subject to such predators as skunks, racoons, birds and fish as they eat the eggs and hatchlings. Such is the severity of the problem that the population of the Plymouth red bellied turtles had been reduced to a mere 200 to 300 by the 1980s. Reproduction had all but ceased and they were destined to be wiped away from the face of the earth.

However, timely conservation is what has saved these turtles and prolonged their existence. These measures are already paying dividends. For example, go back to 1985 and the Massasoit National Wildlife Refuge. There were no red bellies in the East Head Pond. Cut to 2015. Prolonged Head Start Programmes by conservation agencies saw around 40 red belly nests in the same East Head Pond. Small progress but definitely laudable!

Round the clock supervision is carried out at these conservation sites. A consultant carefully checks the prolific red belly pond twice a day during the nesting season and then places an anti predator cage over them. To ensure genetic diversity, two or three hatchlings are taken out from each clutch of 10-12 and placed in another nest.

It is good news for the red bellied turtle. In the 1980s, there was a last chance to save these species and due to the untiring efforts of conservationists, our next generation too will see red bellied turtles on planet earth.